His Father's Name: Abdul Hamid the First
His Mother's Name: Aishe Saniye Perver Sultana
Date of Birth: September 8th, 1779
Date of Death: November 1 6th, 1808
His Reign: 1807-8 (1 year)
(b. Sept. 8, 1779, Constantinople--d. Nov. 17, 1808, Constantinople), Ottoman sultan from 1807 to 1808 who participated in the reactionary conservative coalition that overthrew his reforming cousin, the sultan Selim III.
Sultan Mustafa the Fourth was like many other sultans, a good calligrapher.
A fanatical and ambitious man, Mustafa, under the influence of the shaykh al-islam (head of the Muslim religious hierarchy) and the Janissaries, ended Selim's reforms and killed most of the reformers.
Kabakchi Mustafa, leader of the rebel, had deposed Selim the Third in an attempt to prevent his reforms, and thus, Mustafa the Fourth was made Sultan by the rebels. The rebels thereby gained many important positions in the government.
The leaders of the Nizam-i Djidid which had been founded by Selim, gathered around Bayrakdar Mustafa Pasa of Rusçuk (modern Ruse, Bulg.). They marched to Istanbul to restore Selim III. Mustafa, informed of Bayrakdar's intentions, killed Selim. He himself was immediately deposed (July 28, 1808) and lived in confinement in a part of the Topkapi Palace.
The Islamic scholars decided that the dynasty would be better with Mustafa dead and thus, issued a fatwa (legal ruling) to execute him and orders came from his brother, who succeeded him as Mahmud II.
The war with Russia continued during the riegn of Sultan Mustafa.
During Mustafa's reign the first steam ship was built in Turkey. Mustafa had one daughter called Emina Sultana.