Amurath was tall, round faced with a big nose and a thick, well muscled body. He usually wore a sikke, the long cap of the whirling dervishes, wrapped inside a round turban. He dressed very simply and liked garments colored white-on-red. He was courteous sympathetic, reasonable and mild. He enjoyed the company of artists and well educated people and always treated the poor very benevolently. His people loved him.
Amurath was brought up by his mother Nilüfer Khatun. He spent his youth at Brusa, with the artists and teachers at the Islamic School of Theology. Nearly all his life was spent on battlefields and moving with his army from one place to another. In the periods between wars he found time to build great buildings and works of art. In Brusa he erected mosques, schools and of all things a soup kitchen! Edirne was made his capital, a huge palace being built there. The Empire stretched for 95,000 square kilometers when he came to power and was expanded to 500,000 during his sultanate.
The following are some of the places conquered during his reign - Edirne in 1362 and Zaghra and Philibe in 1363 were added to the Empire, while in 1364 the Frankish Crusaders were crushed at Sirpsindighi. In 1370 the Kingdom of Bulgaria was subjected to the Ottoman rule and in 1374 Serbia fell to the Empire. In 1382 Sophia fell while northern Albania, Silistre, Zishtovi, Kütahia Principality and Lofcha all came under Ottoman rule. In 1389 the Crusaders were put to flight once more and the Moslem armies won the Battle of Kossova.
The Battle of Kossova, however, ended In great sorrow. Most of the wounded were the enemy, only a small minority being Muslims. Amurath Khan was walking past the Muslim dead, praying as he walked. He ordered that all the dead should be buried and began to tend some of the wounded. Suddenly he noticed a slight movement amongst the dead and turned in that direction.
At that moment a gigantic Serbian soldier by the name of Milosh, the aide of the Serbian King I.azar leapt to his feet and rushed towards Amurath. The Muslims soldiers held him but Milosh told them that he must see Sultan Amurath. ''Let me see him," he said. "I want to kiss his robe and to accept Islam. Besides, I have good news. King Lazar has been captured. " Hearing this Amurath signaled his bodyguard to let Milosh go. The treacherous Serbian, pretending to be wounded came up to Amurath and, kneeling as if to kiss his robe swiftly drew his dagger and drove it into the Sultan's chest. The bodyguards could not understand what had happened but Milosh suddenly ran away. He was seized shortly afterwards and was immediately put to death.
The last words Amurath spoke were:
"Throughout my life I have begged Allah to allow me to die for him. He has accepted his poor son's prayer. Allah be praised, my life has come to an end but the victory is ours. Obey my son Bayezid. Be kind to the people, look after their goods and their souls. I commit you and your magnificent army to Allah. May he protect our Empire from evil."
Amurath's torn intestines were interred where he was killed and a tomb built over them. His corpse was removed to Brusa and buried in his mausoleum at Chekirge.
Amurath was the first Sultan to be killed in battle. He was the most eminent champion of Islam. In his mausoleum are kept the lock and key of Biledjik Castle, Amurath's armour and mantle, his head gear, his prayer rug made from antelope leather, his sling and arrows and the garments in which he had been murdered.
The great Muslim personalities of Sultan Murad Khan's reign were - Shaykh Amir Kulal from the Naqshbandi Tariqa, Shamsuddin Karamani, and Jamaluddin Abdullah Efendi, writer of the book "Mughni Al-labib".
Amttrath had four sons Jacoub-Chelebi, Bayezid the Yilderim, Savdji Bey and Ihrahim. He had two daughters. Nefise and Sultana Khatoun.